Sleep Apnea


A common sleep disorder characterized by pauses in breathing during sleep, leading to poor sleep quality and daytime fatigue. Our healthcare professionals offer expert diagnosis and treatment to manage symptoms and improve sleep quality.

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What is Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder that causes a person to stop breathing repeatedly during sleep. It is characterized by episodes of shallow breathing or pauses in breathing that last for at least 10 seconds and can occur dozens or even hundreds of times per night.

There are two main types of sleep apnea: obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and central sleep apnea (CSA). OSA is the most common type and occurs when the muscles in the back of the throat fail to keep the airway open, despite the effort to breathe. CSA occurs when the brain fails to send the proper signals to the muscles that control breathing.

Symptoms of Sleep Apnea

The symptoms of sleep apnea can vary from person to person, and some people may not even be aware that they have the condition. However, some common symptoms of sleep apnea include:

Loud, chronic snoring: People with sleep apnea often snore loudly and regularly, especially when sleeping on their back.

Pauses in breathing during sleep: People with sleep apnea may stop breathing for brief periods during sleep, sometimes with gasping or choking sounds.

Excessive daytime sleepiness: Sleep apnea can cause disrupted sleep, leading to feelings of tiredness and fatigue during the day.

Morning headaches: People with sleep apnea may wake up with headaches, which can be caused by low oxygen levels during sleep.

Restless sleep: People with sleep apnea may toss and turn during the night, waking up frequently.

Irritability or mood changes: Sleep apnea can cause irritability, mood swings, and difficulty concentrating.

Dry mouth or sore throat: Breathing through the mouth during sleep can cause dryness in the mouth and throat.

If you suspect that you or someone you know may have sleep apnea, it’s important to talk to a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.

Sleep Apnea Dispositions

Sleep Apnea Treatment Options

The treatment options for sleep apnea depend on the severity of the condition and the type of sleep apnea that is present. Here are some common treatment options for sleep apnea:

  • Lifestyle changes: Losing weight, avoiding alcohol and sedatives before bedtime, and sleeping on your side instead of your back can help reduce the severity of sleep apnea.

  • Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy: This is the most common and effective treatment for sleep apnea. It involves wearing a mask over the nose or nose and mouth during sleep, which delivers a continuous stream of air pressure to keep the airway open.

  • Oral appliances: These are devices that are custom-fitted by a dentist or orthodontist to reposition the jaw and tongue during sleep, keeping the airway open.

  • Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove excess tissue from the throat or correct structural abnormalities that are causing sleep apnea.

  • Positional therapy: Some people only experience sleep apnea when sleeping on their back, so using pillows or other devices to encourage sleeping on the side can help reduce the severity of the condition.

  • Hypoglossal nerve stimulation: This is a relatively new treatment option that involves implanting a device that stimulates the nerves that control the tongue, helping to keep the airway open during sleep.

It’s important to work with a healthcare professional to determine the best treatment plan for your individual case of sleep apnea.

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Our Providers

Dr. Naveed Hassan FCCP is a board-certified pulmonary and critical care physician with specialized training in sleep medicine. He has extensive experience in the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders, including sleep apnea. Dr. Hassan is recognized as a leading expert in sleep medicine and has been involved in numerous research studies and clinical trials related to sleep disorders.

Sleep Apnea Treatment


There are currently no medications that are specifically approved for the treatment of sleep apnea. However, there are some medications that may be prescribed to help alleviate certain symptoms of sleep apnea, such as excessive daytime sleepiness or insomnia.

  • Stimulants: Stimulant medications, such as modafinil or armodafinil, may be prescribed to help reduce daytime sleepiness and improve alertness in people with sleep apnea.

  • Hypnotics: Sleep medications, such as eszopiclone, may be prescribed to help people with sleep apnea who are experiencing insomnia or difficulty falling asleep.

It’s important to note that medications are not considered a first-line treatment for sleep apnea, and they should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional. In many cases, lifestyle changes, CPAP therapy, or other non-medication treatments are more effective for managing sleep apnea. If you suspect that you or someone you know may have sleep apnea, it’s important to talk to a healthcare professional for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.