A chronic respiratory condition characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways, leading to difficulty breathing, wheezing, and coughing. Our team of healthcare professionals can provide expert diagnosis and treatment to manage symptoms and improve quality of life.

How well do you know about asthma?

Do you have Exercise induced Asthma?

Asthma severity questionnaire

How well do you know about asthma?

Do you have Exercise induced Asthma?

Asthma severity questionnaire

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What is Asthma?

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that affects the airways that carry air in and out of the lungs. Asthma causes inflammation and narrowing of the airways, which leads to difficulty breathing, coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. Asthma symptoms can range from mild to severe and can be triggered by a variety of factors, including allergens, exercise, and stress.

What is Asthma?

The symptoms of asthma can range from mild to severe and can vary from person to person. Some common symptoms of asthma include:

  • Wheezing: A high-pitched whistling sound when you breathe.

  • Coughing: A persistent cough, especially at night or early in the morning.

  • Shortness of breath: Difficulty breathing or feeling like you can’t catch your breath.

  • Chest tightness: A feeling of tightness or pressure in the chest.

  • Difficulty breathing: A feeling of being unable to catch your breath.

  • Rapid breathing: Breathing faster than normal.

Asthma Management Goals

While asthma cannot be cured, it can be effectively managed with the right treatment. The goals of asthma treatment are to:

  • Control symptoms: Reduce the frequency and severity of asthma symptoms.

  • Prevent flare-ups: Minimize the risk of asthma attacks.

  • Maintain lung function: Prevent lung damage caused by inflammation.

  • Improve the quality of life: Reduce the impact of asthma on daily activities.

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The most common asthma treatments include:

  • Inhaled corticosteroids: These medications reduce inflammation in the airways and prevent asthma symptoms.

  • Short-acting bronchodilators: These medications relax the muscles around the airways, making it easier to breathe.

  • Long-acting bronchodilators: These medications are used in combination with inhaled corticosteroids to control symptoms and prevent flare-ups.

  • Leukotriene modifiers: These medications block the action of leukotrienes, which are substances that cause inflammation in the airways.

  • Immunomodulators: These medications modify the immune response to allergens, reducing the severity of allergic reactions.

  • Allergy shots: These injections can desensitize your immune system to allergens, reducing the severity of allergic reactions.

Our Providers

Dr. Naveed Hasan is a board-certified pulmonologist with a special interest in the diagnosis and management of asthma. With years of experience in treating patients with asthma, Dr. Hasan is dedicated to providing compassionate and comprehensive care to his patients. Dr. Hasan believes in a multidisciplinary approach to asthma care, collaborating with other healthcare professionals to ensure that his patients receive the most advanced and effective treatment available.

Peak Flow Meter

Your allergist, also known as an immunologist or allergist, can assess the severity of your asthma at any given time with the use of a peak flow meter. When using a peak flow meter, you might frequently observe a decrease in your readings prior to the worsening of your symptoms, such as wheezing or coughing.

Non-Medication Options:

In addition to medication, there are several steps you can take to manage your asthma:

  • Identify and avoid things that trigger your asthma symptoms, such as allergens, exercise, and stress.

  • Keep track of your symptoms and peak flow readings, so you can detect changes early.

  • You should use a peak flow meter, the device measures how well you can breathe out and can help you monitor your asthma.

  • Work with your doctor to create an asthma action plan, which outlines the steps you should take when your symptoms flare up.

  • Schedule regular appointments with your doctor to monitor your asthma and adjust your treatment plan as needed.

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that affects millions of people worldwide. While it cannot be cured, asthma can be effectively managed with the right treatment and self-care. By working closely with your doctor and following these tips, you can reduce the impact of asthma on your daily life and improve your overall quality of life.

Frequently Asked Questions

Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition characterized by inflammation of the airways, leading to symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing. These symptoms can vary in severity and frequency.

The exact cause of asthma is not known, but it is believed to result from a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Common triggers include allergens (pollen, pet dander, dust mites), respiratory infections, exercise, certain medications, and exposure to irritants (smoke, pollution).

Asthma is typically diagnosed through a combination of medical history, physical examination, and lung function tests, such as spirometry. These tests help assess the airflow obstruction and aid in determining the severity of asthma.

Currently, there is no cure for asthma. However, with proper management and treatment, most people with asthma can lead normal, active lives. Medications and lifestyle adjustments are often used to control symptoms and prevent asthma attacks.

Asthma medications can be broadly categorized into two types: relievers (quick-relief) and controllers (long-term). Relievers provide immediate relief during an asthma attack, while controllers help manage and prevent symptoms over the long term. Common medications include bronchodilators, corticosteroids, leukotriene modifiers, and long-acting beta-agonists.

Asthma management involves a combination of medication, avoiding triggers, and adopting a healthy lifestyle. Creating an asthma action plan with your healthcare provider can help outline steps to take during both stable and exacerbation periods.

While asthma cannot be completely prevented, certain measures can reduce the risk of developing asthma or experiencing exacerbations. These include avoiding tobacco smoke, addressing allergies, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and managing stress.

In some cases, particularly in children, asthma symptoms may improve or disappear as they grow older. However, asthma is generally a chronic condition, and it is crucial to manage it consistently to prevent complications.

People with asthma can still engage in regular physical activity. In fact, exercise is beneficial for overall health. It’s essential to work with healthcare providers to develop an asthma-friendly exercise plan and use medications as prescribed to prevent exercise-induced symptoms.

Emergency care is necessary if asthma symptoms worsen rapidly, and quick-relief medications do not provide relief. Signs of a severe asthma attack include extreme difficulty breathing, bluish lips or face, and a lack of improvement with the use of a rescue inhaler. Seek emergency medical attention in such situations.